What’s Your Skin Type and How Do You Care for It?

By on 08/07/2015
what's your skin type

Not all skin is created equal, but that doesn’t mean all skin can’t be equally beautiful! By learning your specific skin type and the best care routine for that type, you can have flawless, beautiful and age-defying skin!

Your type of skin is determined by many factors, from genetics to environmental factors like sun exposure and nutrition. The water content, lipid content, and sensitivity level of your skin are also major drivers in how your skin looks, feels and needs to be nourished.Water content affects the elasticity and comfort of your skin while lipid content affects the skin’s nutrition and softness.

Read below to determine your skin type and then take notes on the best way to care for it for maximum skin health and beauty!

Basic Skin Types

5 skin types

Normal Skin

  • Signs of normal skin include: No major or frequent blemishes or “problem areas,” small pores, no sensitivity or reactions to different products, bright, healthy skin.
  • If you have normal skin your best daily care routine is pretty straight forward. You have no reason to buy specialized skin products as you’ll find products for oily skin are too light for you and products for dry skin are way too heavy. Because you don’t have to battle excessive oil or dryness, you can focus on giving your skin optimum nutrition for anti-aging. Look for products that are loaded with antioxidants, alpa hydroxy, and collagen. You should also invest in a night-time cream for around the eyes as this area of skin is the  most sensitive and vulnerable to damage and aging.

Dry Skin

  • Symptoms of dry skin include: barely visible pores, dull, rough, flaky complexion, red areas, low elasticity, visible fine lines, and irritation.
  • For dry skin care: Wash your face with gentle cleansers, do not overly treat your skin and limit showers to once a day (hot water dries skin out more). Use a rich moisturizer immediately following your cleanser. Any additional products you use should contain a moisturizing agent of some kind so they won’t dry your skin further upon application. Exfoliation is also important to remove the dull dead skin, but it is best to limit this to once a week. Over exfoliation will actually cause irritation and damage to the new layers of fresh skin below and cause it to dry out and flake faster. dry skin v normal skin

Combination Skin

  • Combination skin is just that… a combination of dry or normal skin in some areas, but oily in others. The most common type of combination skin is often referred to as the “T-zone.” This is when the forehead, nose and chin are oily, but the rest of the skin is normal or dry. Combination skin basically means you have the symptoms of oily skin (listed below) in some areas, and symptoms of dry or normal skin (listed above) in other areas.
  • For combination skin, your care routine has to address both skin types. Invest in different types of cleansers, moisturizers and other products for oily, dry or normal skin to allow you to spot-treat the different areas. The cost may be more upfront, but these products will last twice as long since you are only using them on certain areas of your face. Use a rich, creamy moisturizer for your dry areas, and a light weight serum for the oily zones. Any cleanser you use should also be gentle and free of chemicals that can overly dry your skin.

Oily Skin

  • Oily skin boasts enlarged pores, blackheads, blemishes, shiny complexion and “thick” looking skin.
  • Oily skin requires noncomedogenic products, which means products that are specifically designed not to clog pores. Oily skin creates huge pores that need to be properly cared for as they can clog easily, creating blemishes. For the blemishes you do have, it is important not to pinch, squeeze or pop them as it can cause scaring, redness, and additional blemishes to appear where your fingers have touches and irritated the skin. You also need to invest in a gentle cleanser that does not dry out your skin! It sounds counter-intuitive, but if you dry out your skin with products, it actually causes your skin to create even more oil. Use a salicylic acid exfoliate daily to help reduce the build up of oil, dead skin and pore lining. Using oil blotting papers is also a quick, safe way to reduce oil build up on the spot without the use of harsh chemicals.

Sensitive Skin

  • Skin that is red, itchy, dry, and burning is considered sensitive. Usually, this skin type occurs as a reaction to a product or skin care ingredient.
  • To treat sensitive skin, its best to replace your skin care products with those designed specifically for sensitive skin. Most products contain harsh chemicals designed to shrink pores, cut through oil, break off dead skin, and more. These chemicals will cause painful and visible reactions to anyone with sensitive skin, and long term, this irritation will cause permanent damage to your skin. If your skin is highly sensitive, a trip to the dermatologist is a quick way to solve the mystery. They can test your skin for any allergies to a fragrance, preservative or other chemical found in cleansers, lotions, etc. You can then eliminate these allergens and watch your skin improve dramatically and quickly.

Additional universal rules of skin care are also needed and highly important!


No matter what skin type you have, it is imperative that you use SPF daily to protect your skin from disastrous sun damage.

Wearing sunglasses also helps to reduce fine lines and wrinkles around your eyes as it prevents you from squinting, and it blocks the sun from damaging your very thin and sensitive skin around the eyes.

Consider a daily supplementation of phytoceramides. These provide a fantastic amount of antioxidants which fight free-radicals and prevent them from damaging the skin. Phytoceramides also increase the amount of elastin and collagen your body produces, which increases the skin’s elasticity and plumpness, keeping it younger and wrinkle-free longer. All skin types can benefit from this as all skin types need antioxidants, elastin and collagen.phytoceramide before and after

Hydrate, hydrate, hydrate. Your skin needs hydration to stay plump, smooth and bright. You need to hydrate in two ways. Drink plenty of water, and also apply a hydrating lotion that is specific to your skin type. All skin, even oily skin, needs proper hydration.

Also, smoking will damage your skin no matter how much care you put into it, as it is slowly poisoning your whole body! If you do smoke, please quit for the sake of EVERY PART OF YOUR HEALTH. There is no part of your mind or body that isn’t negatively affected by cigarettes.

Finally, never ever wear makeup to bed! It blocks pores, irritates the skin, dries it out and will cause serious damage.


Now that you know your specific skin type, you can start using a more tailored skin care routine that will allow for your best, brightest and youngest looking skin to flourish.

About modernhealthproject

Hi there! This is my little blog project where I am trying to learn more about health, wellness and living a balanced life, while also sharing a bit of my silly side as well. By "silly" I mean sarcastic. And by "a bit" I mean way too much. Sorry about that.♥ - Anna

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